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Disparities in the Impact of Cancer 

Disparities in the Impact of Cancer
Chapter:
Disparities in the Impact of Cancer
Source:
Psycho-Oncology (3 ed.)
Author(s):

Rory C. Weier

, Sarah A. Reisinger

, and Electra D. Paskett

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199363315.003.0082

Over 21 million new cancer cases and 13 million cancer deaths are predicted globally in 2030 as a result of population growth and aging, but these numbers underestimate what the future global cancer burden will be if low- and middle-income countries continue to adopt smoking, poor diet, physical inactivity, and reproductive patterns characteristic of high-income countries like the United States. Addressing increasing cancer incidence and mortality is complicated since the cancer burden is not distributed equally globally or within the United States. Disparities often exist on the basis of age, gender, race/ethnicity, language, socioeconomic status, and geographic location. Using a psychosocial lens, this chapter summarizes cancer disparities and the psychosocial impact of cancer across the cancer control continuum and provides suggestions for future research by highlighting the utility of a population health disparity framework and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010.

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