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Physical Activity and Exercise Interventions in Cancer Survivors 

Physical Activity and Exercise Interventions in Cancer Survivors
Chapter:
Physical Activity and Exercise Interventions in Cancer Survivors
Source:
Psycho-Oncology (3 ed.)
Author(s):

Kerry S. Courneya

, Jennifer J. Crawford

, and Scott C. Adams

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199363315.003.0067

Exercise has been proposed as a lifestyle factor that may improve symptom management, quality of life (QOL), and survival in cancer survivors. This chapter provides an overview of the latest research on the role of exercise in cancer care and survivorship. Systematic reviews are summarized by cancer site, phase of the cancer trajectory, and outcome. This “review of reviews” indicates that exercise is clearly beneficial for breast and prostate cancer survivors, while the evidence for other cancer survivor groups is still quite modest. The reviews have also shown that exercise is beneficial during and after cancer treatments, while the evidence for benefit in the pre-treatment and palliative care phases is still emerging. Based on the compelling evidence of benefit and clear guidelines, cancer care professionals should feel comfortable recommending exercise to cancer survivors and referring them to qualified exercise specialists.

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