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Cognitive and Behavioral Interventions 

Cognitive and Behavioral Interventions
Chapter:
Cognitive and Behavioral Interventions
Source:
Psycho-Oncology (3 ed.)
Author(s):

Barbara L. Andersen

, Caroline S. Dorfman

, and Neha Godiwala

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199363315.003.0056

Guidelines for screening for depression and anxiety issused by the American Society of Clinical Oncology, as well as the new patient-centered standards for accreditation of cancer clinics and hospitals put forth by the Commission on Cancer of the American College of Surgeons, provide the means and the incentive for identifying and providing treatment or referrals to cancer patients. Plausible, efficacious cognitive behavioral treatments (CBTs) exist. As both CBT for major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) have been found to be effective in the general population, CBT tailored to the unique needs of individuals with cancer may be successful also. Among both screened and unscreened populations, CBT interventions have been shown to reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety, as well as reduce cancer-specific physical symptoms and improve quality of life. However, studies have primarily focused on unscreened populations and further studies are needed among patients with comorbid psychopathology.

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