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Skin Neoplasms and Malignant Melanoma 

Skin Neoplasms and Malignant Melanoma
Chapter:
Skin Neoplasms and Malignant Melanoma
Source:
Psycho-Oncology (3 ed.)
Author(s):

Peter C. Trask

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199363315.003.0019

Occurring in either the flat squamous cells of the outermost layer of the skin, or in the basal or melanocyte cells of the lower skin layer, these neoplasms are subsequently classified into two categories: (1) keratinocytic or nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC), which includes basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC); and (2) melanoma. BCC and SCC are common, easily treatable, and highly curable, whereas melanoma is less common, yet often easily treatable if caught early. Monthly skin self-examination and physician examination as part of annual physical examinations could increase the likelihood of finding skin cancers in early stages. On a societal level, preventive measures include increasing awareness through public health campaigns, and the creation of sun-friendly playgrounds. There is a continued need for the innovation of new treatments for advanced melanoma, whose survival rates continue to be a meager 15%.

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