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Gynecologic Cancers 

Gynecologic Cancers
Chapter:
Gynecologic Cancers
Source:
Psycho-Oncology (3 ed.)
Author(s):

Heidi S. Donovan

and Teresa L. Hagan

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199363315.003.0018

Gynecologic cancer, which includes cancers of the ovary, endometrium, uterus, cervix, vagina, vulva, and trophoblastic disease, is the third most common cancer and the third leading cause of cancer deaths among women in the United States. Gynecologic cancer and treatment lead to a wide range of physical, psychological, and social challenges. Cervical cancer is caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection, and many survivors experience stigma and self-blame. Disparities based on race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and healthcare access are also prevalent for cervical cancer. Impairments in reproductive and sexual function are some of the most distressing consequences of gynecologic cancers. There is some evidence to support the use of psychological interventions, psycho-education to promote self-management of psychological and physical symptoms, sexuality counseling, and social support interventions.

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