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Volume assessment and fluid responsiveness 

Volume assessment and fluid responsiveness
Volume assessment and fluid responsiveness
Acute and Critical Care Echocardiography

Claire Colebourn

and Jim Newton


This chapter looks in detail at the assessment of fluid responsiveness using transthoracic echocardiography. It includes an explanation of static and dynamic markers of fluid responsiveness and a description of the importance of heart–lung interaction in understanding fluid responsiveness. It provides a step-by-step guide to the different techniques available for assessment and looks closely at how this assessment varies according to whether the patient is spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated.

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